DIFFUSION TENSOR IMAGING IN THE NEWS
Following a blow or jolt to the head, it is important to watch for symptoms and seek medical evaluation, especially if one or more of the following symptoms persist. While loss of consciousness is a symptom of concussion, most people with a concussion don’t lose consciousness.
Nausea and vomiting
Irritability or change in personality
Loss of memory
Young athletes should be encouraged to notify their coaches and parents about hits to the head. If they lose consciousness, experience severe confusion or have a seizure following a head injury, call 911 immediately.
- Concussion rates for male athletes in high school and college are highest in football, ice hockey, lacrosse and wrestling. For female athletes, soccer, lacrosse and basketball top the list. In college, women’s ice hockey is among the highest concussion rates reported. But there is no similar date to know how often younger children get concussions.
- Post concussion syndrome (PCS) affects about 20 to 30 percent of people who suffer mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). An mTBI is defined by the World Health Organization as a traumatic event causing brief loss of consciousness and/or transient memory dysfunction or disorientation. Symptoms of PCS include headache, poor concentration and memory difficulty.
- There’s little evidence that helmets or other gear reduce the risk of brain injury. However, it is advised that sports participants wear helmets and other appropriate safety gear to guard against other injuries like skull fractures and facial injuries.
- Baseline testing results are helpful in evaluation of an athlete with a suspected concussion. Baseline testing is a pre-season exam by a trained healthcare professional to assess an athlete’s balance and brain function, as well as the presence of any concussion symptoms. Some baseline and concussion assessment tools are only suggested for use among athletes ages 10 and older. Baseline testing should be repeated annually, per the CDC.
- In Georgia, the Return to Play Act (effective January 1, 2014) requires Georgia school systems to adopt and implement a concussion management and return to play policy that requires athlete and parent education, removal from play for athletes suspected of concussion, and return to play only when given clearance by a healthcare provider. A youth athlete is defined as a participant in a youth athletic activity age 7 and under age 19 years of age.
REMOVE athlete from play immediately.
REFER to medical provider.
REST to recover; no sports, no texting/TV.
RETURN to play only when medically cleared.